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Investitions-und Strukturbank Rheinland-Pfalz (ISB)

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standortfinder@isb.rlp.de

Available Space
Definition:

Designations on entire floors regulate the degree of building coverage according to Section 20, paragraph 1 of the Land Use Ordinance. The definition of an entire floor is stipulated in the German state charter (LBauO). For Rheinland-Pfalz entire floors are defined in section 2, paragraph 4, sentence 2 as floors above ground level, having a height of at least 2,30 meters covering a space of at least two thirds of a floor. On the attic at least three quarters of the floor space must have a height of at least 2,30 meters to qualify as an entire floor. The height results from the distance between the upper edge of a floor to the upper edge of the next floor or from the upper edge of the highest floor to the roof covering.

 

Commercial Area
Definition:

Area designation allowing certain types of development. Commercial areas accommodate primarily low-impact commercial operations, such as warehousing and public works, shops, offices and administrative buildings as well as gas stations. In exceptional cases, permission to build structures such as apartments for supervisory and emergency staff or facilities for church, cultural, social, health and sports uses may be granted (Land Use Ordinance, Section 8, para. 1-3).

 

Core Area
Definition:

Area designation allowing certain types of development. Core areas accommodate predominantly retail businesses as well as the essential economic and administrative institutions. Core areas are particularly for use by developments defined under section 7, paragraph 2 of the Land Use Ordinance: shops, offices and administrative buildings, retail businesses, taverns and restaurants as well as accommodation facilities and places of public entertainment, other low-impact commercial operations and facilities for church, cultural, social and health purposes as well as gas stations (Land Use Ordinance, section 7, paragraph 1-2).

 

Cubic Index
Definition:

The cubic index or cubic density defines the cubical content of a building per square meter of site area. Thus it shows how many cubic meters of construction volume per square meter may be built (section 2, paragraph 1 of the German federal town planning regulations (BauNVO)). Basically the cubic index only refers to industrial and commercial areas as well as special zones. Example: If the Local Development Plan allows a BMZ of 1.5 and the site area is 1,000 square meters, the volume of a building to be constructed on the lot can be up to 1,500 cubic meters(1,000 m² x 1.5 = 1,500).

 

Entire Floors
Definition:

Designations on entire floors regulate the degree of building coverage according to Section 20, paragraph 1 of the Land Use Ordinance. The definition of an entire floor is stipulated in the German state charter (LBauO). For Rheinland-Pfalz entire floors are defined in section 2, paragraph 4, sentence 2 as floors above ground level, having a height of at least 2,30 meters covering a space of at least two thirds of a floor. On the attic at least three quarters of the floor space must have a height of at least 2,30 meters to qualify as an entire floor. The height results from the distance between the upper edge of a floor to the upper edge of the next floor or from the upper edge of the highest floor to the roof covering.

 

Floor Space Index
Definition:

The Floor Space Index (Geschossflächenzahl - GFZ) is a measure of development intensity which indicates how much total floor space buildings may have, relative to the surface area of the development site (Land Use Ordinance, Section 20, para. 2). The GFZ is indicated as a decimal fraction in the local development plan. The total floor space is calculated based on the external building dimensions, adding the floor areas of all full stories. The Floor Space Index must be viewed in conjunction with the Site Occupancy Index. Example: If the local development plan specifies a Floor Space Index of 1.2 for a 600 square meter lot, a building to be constructed on this lot may have a total floor space of 720 square meters (600 m² x 1.2). The maximum GFZ varies depending on the type of development site and is set in Section 17 of the Land Use Ordinance.

 

Gross Floor Area
Definition:

The "Gross Floor Area" field shows the total size of the area (in square meters), as indicated in the land use plan or local development plan.

 

Industrial Area
Definition:

Area designation allowing certain types of development. Industrial areas serve exclusively to accommodate commercial operations, primarily those which are not permitted in other zoning districts. Industrial areas are for use by commercial operations of all types, including warehouses, storage sites and public facilities as well as gas stations (Land Use Ordinance, Section 9, para. 1-2).

 

Land Use Plan
Definition:

The land use plan forms the basis of the local development plan and it will be set up under public participation. It covers the entire municipal area and provides an overview of the planned urban development. Contrary to the conceptual local development plan or the detailed local development plan, the land use plan does not contain any legally binding determinations and does not bestow any rights to citizens (intending to build). The land use plan covers all parcels of land within the municipal boundaries.

 

Largest Space
Definition:

The "Largest Space" field shows the maximum usable area made up of contiguous lots (in square meters) available for purchase.

 

Local Development Plan (Conceptual)
Definition:

The local development plan specifies legally binding rules for the development of a partial area of a town. As a matter of principle, the local development plan must be derived from the Land Use Plan. The local development plan establishes development rights for parcels of land located within the zoned area. The conceptual plan is usually limited to allowable uses and/or building limits pertaining to the plan area. 

 

Local Development Plan (Detailed)
Definition:

The detailed local development plan specifies allowable land uses and building restrictions in more detail than the Conceptual Local Development Plan. The detailed plan may include requirements concerning transportation facilities, open spaces, community spaces and even landscaping (Building Code, Section 9).

 

Mixed Use Area
Definition:

Area designation allowing certain types of development. Mixed areas accommodate housing and commercial operations which do not noticeably disturb the lives of residents. They are primarily intended for apartment buildings, shops and office buildings, retail operations, restaurants and bars as well as hotels and other low-impact commercial operations, administrative facilities as well as church, cultural, social, health-care and sports facilities, horticultural operations as well as gas stations (Land Use Ordinance, Section 6, para. 1-2). 

 

Net Floor Area
Definition:

The "Net Floor Area" field shows the total size of the area (in square meters), as indicated in the land use plan or local development plan, minus areas to be used for nature protection and landscape conservation measures as well as for public green spaces and thoroughfares.

 

Site Development
Definition:

Site development includes all measures required to provide access to and circulation within a site, including the building of access roads, streets and footpaths and the provision of parking spaces, parks and squares (Building Code, Section 127). According to federal state regulations (KAG, local tax law) no development charge will be levied. The town may provide site development using its own resources or may outsource the work to third parties. The type and scope of site development measures and the distribution of the site development costs are determined by the town and set forth in by-laws (Building Code, Section 132).

 

Site Occupancy Index
Definition:

The Site Occupancy Index (Grundflächenzahl - GRZ) specified in the local development plan is an important measure of development intensity. It indicates what proportion of the surface area of a development site may be used for buildings (Land Use Ordinance, Section 19, para. 2) and is expressed as built surface area (m²) to site area (m²). The maximum GRZ varies depending on the type of development site and is set in Section 17 of the Land Use Ordinance. The Site Occupancy Index must be viewed in conjunction with the Floor Space Index. Example: If the local development plan specifies a GRZ of 0.6, a building to be constructed on a 1,000 square meter lot may occupy an area of 600 square meters.

 

Smallest Space
Definition:

The "Smallest Space" field shows the smallest area (in square meters) available for purchase.

 

Soil Contamination
Definition:

Contaminated soils or brownfields, as defined in the Federal Soil Protection Act (Bundesbodenschutzgesetz), are abandoned waste management sites and other parcels of land on which waste was treated, stored or disposed of (old deposits) as well as sites of discontinued plants and other parcels of land on which materials potentially dangerous to the environment [...] causing harmful soil changes or other dangers to individuals or to the general public were handled (Federal Soil Protection Act, Section 2 Paragraph 5).

 

Special Zone
Definition:

Zoning designation allowing certain types of development. There are two types of special zones. One is defined under Section 10 of the Land Use Ordinance as "special zones devoted to recreation," which accommodate primarily weekend and vacation homes as well as camping sites. The other is described under Section 11 of the Land Use Ordinance as "other special zones" that are significantly different from the development zones defined in Sections 2-10 of the Land Use Ordinance and cover a range of special purposes, such as spas, shopping complexes, universities, hospitals, ports, and sites for research centres. This designation is of particular relevance for shopping centers.

 

 
 
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